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Young Grace ati :”Umusore wanteye inda naramuhuzwe niyo yagira ate ntitwasubirana”

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Umuhanazikazi Young Grace wamenyekanye cyane mu njyana ya HipHop hano mu Rwanda yatangajeko nta rukundo naruke agifitiye umusore wamuteye inda ndetse akaba ari na se w’umukobwa we ariwe Rwabuhihi Hubert [Piqué].

Mu kiganiro yagiranye n’ikinyamakuru Isimbi, Young Grace akaba yagarutse ku bibazo bitandukanye abakobwa babyara batarashaka bahura nabyo, aho avugako asanga ari ibintu bigoye kuko uba ugomba gukora ibintu byakagombye gukorwa n’abantu babiri.

Young Grace akaba yaje gutangazako igihe yari atwite aribwo yahuzwe umusore babyaranye ariwe Pique ndetse ko ubu niyo wagira ute adashobora kongera kumukunda nabusa.

Young Grace yibarutse umwana we w’imfura  tariki 24 Kanama 2019

 

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Amateka

URUGAMBA RW I MEGIDDO RUZWI NK ARMAGEDDON

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14. kuko ari yo myuka y’abadayimoni, ikora ibitangaza igasanga abami bo mu isi yose, ngo ibahururize kujya mu ntambara yo ku munsi ukomeye w’Imana Ishoborabyose. 15. (Dore nzaza nk’umujura. Hahirwa uba maso akarinda imyenda ye, kugira ngo atagenda yambaye ubusa bakareba isoni z’ubwambure bwe.) 16. Ibateraniriza ahantu mu Ruheburayo hitwa Harimagedoni. 17. Marayika wa karindwi asuka urwabya rwe mu kirere. Ijwi rirenga rivugira mu rusengero kuri ya ntebe riti “Birarangiye!” Ibyahishuwe 16: 14-17 muri Bibiliya Yera.

intambara ikomeye, kuyumva biragoranye nkuko muri Bibiliya igitabo cyasomwe n miriyari nyinshi z abatuye isi kibivuga ku munsi w umujinya w Imana hazabaho intambara izwi kw izina rya “Harimagedoni” ijambo rikomoka mu giheburayo “Har Megiddo,” bisobanura ngo umusozi wa Megiddo wumvise uko wakumva nta bitangaje birimo nyamara mu mateka y intambara iri zina risobanura ikintu gikomeye nkuko tugiye kubibona hashize imyaka 3500.

Harimagedoni bisobanura muyandi magambo imperuka, irimbuka, uyu musozi wa Megiddo uherereye ku butaka buri mu kigobe cy abarabu ahegereye inyanja ya Mediterane mu kibaya cy i Yezereli. Aha Megiddo habereyeyo intambara nyinshi kugeza naho ari naho hakekwa cyangwa se abenshi bizerera ko hazabera intambara yanyuma izashyira akadomo ku guhangana hagati y icyiza n ikibi. Intambara zahabereye ni:

  • Intambara hagati ya Farawo wa Misiri/ Egiputa Thutmose III (wategetse1458-1425 BCE) na abanyakanani bari bigumuye kuri Misiri bayobowe n umwami w i Kadeshi ahagana mu mwaka w i 1479 BCE mbese mbere y ivuka rya Yezu mu yandi magambo mbere ya zeru.
  • Urundi rugamba rwari muri 609 BCE hagati y abanyegiputa n abayuda
  • Urundi ni urwari rushyamiranyije ubwami bw abami bw Ubwongereza n ubwami bw abami bw aba Ottoman mu 1918 aha ni mu gihe cyacu hashize imyaka 102

Uyu munsi rero turavuga ku rugamba rwashyamiranyije Farawo Thutmose III n abanyakanani bari bamwigumuyeho. Abari bahanganye bari abanyamisiri bayobowe n umwami wabo Farawo Thutmose III babarirwa mu ngabo hagati y ibihumbi 10 n ibihumbi makumyabiri (10 000- 20 000) mu gihe mubo bari bahanganye yari coalition y abanyakanani bari baturutse muri Kadesh, Megiddo, ndetse n i Mitanni bayobowe n umwami w i Kadeshi ndetse n igikomangoma cy i Megiddo bagizwe n ingabo hagati y ibihumbi cumi na cumi na bitanu (10 000- 15 000) aha ni muri Siriya.

Umwami wa Egiputa Farawo Thutmose III yarwanye intambara zisaga 14 mu myaka mirongo itanu irenga yamaze ku ngoma, impamvu urugamba rwa Megiddo ruzwi kw izina rya Harimagedoni rugarukwaho cyane mu mateka y intambara mw isi nuko ari rwo rwa mbere rwabonyweho n abatangabuhamya ndetse n abanditsi batari abasirikare barurwanye. Impamvu y intambara yatewe n ukwigumura kw abanyakanani kandi iyi mijyi yari imijyi yari ifatiye runini ubwami bw abami bw abanyegiputa kuko yari hagati mu nzira y ubucuruzi yahuzaga abanyamisiri ndetse n ubwami bugari bwabo bwageraga muri Mezopotamiya. Aha umwami wa Misiri Farawo THutmose III ntiyari kubyihanganira ahitamo gutangiza intambara kuba nyakanani ahagurutsa ingabo ibihumbi 20 asanganira abanyaanani aho bari bakambitse i Megiddo.

Nkuko bigarukwaho n umwanditsi Tjaneni wabaye muri iyo ntambara, Umwami w i Kadeshi nawe yahurije hamwe abatware b i Siriya, Aram na Canaan bajya mu ruhande rwe ngo bahangane n umwanzi wabo umwami wa Misiri amutegerereza ku mazi y i Taanach. Yumvaga ko Farawo Thutmose III azaturuka mu nzira y i Dothaim – Taanach mu kibaya cy i Kishon, Bakiva ku mupaka wabo wahitwa i Tjaru (mu kigereki havuga Sile) bahise bigarurira Gaza, nyuma yaho yerekeza i Yehem ahavuye akomeza asanga abanyakanani i Megiddo. Hanyuma yohereza abatasi ngo batate inzira yagombaga kunyuzamo ingabo ze kugira ngo abashe kugera i Megiddo. basanze hari inzira 3 gusa, mu majyaruguru hari uruhererekane rw imisozi ya Karumeri, inyuma yaho hakaba ari naho hari umujyi wa Megiddo, undi nawo wo mu majyaruguru ukaba Zefti n i Tel Yokneam mu gihe uw amajyepfo wacaga Taanach ugeza mu kibaya cya  Jezreel, uwanyuma wari uw ako kanya ariko ufite ibyago byinshi wacaga Aruna (ubu ni Wadi Ara) ariko ukaba inzira ifunganye kuburyo abasirikare be bari gukora umurongo muremure bikaba byabashyira mu byago byo gushirira rimwe mu gihe bituweho n umwanzi. Farawo amaze kwingingwa n abagaba b ingabo ze kuba bafata imwe mu nzira zoroshye ho kwishyira mu byago baca mu nzira ifunganye yahisemo kubyanga ahitamo inzira bangaga agira ati niba munsaba guca mu nzira yoroshye nta kabuza n abanzi niko batekereje none rero reka mbahinyuze mbatungure.

Niko byagenze mu mayeri y urugamba Farawo yafashe igisirikare cye akinyuza ahafunganye muri Aruna, umwami w i Kadeshi yari yasuzuguye aha Aruna atekereza ko abanyamisiri batahanyura nyamara za nzira 2 zindi azirindisha ingabo bikomeye. Ahangaha intambara yaroroshye ndetse iranihuta Farawo amaze kugera mu kibaya yahise ashinga amahema muri uwo mugoroba nuko mw ijoro apanga igisirikare cye. Bukeye mu gitondo umwami w i Kadeshi yagabye igitero ariko nyamara ntiyari yiteguye ndetse yanatunguwe kuba abanyamisiri bamugezeho. Mu mirongo y urugamba abanyamisiri bari igisirikare gihambaye kuri buri ruhande bafite amagare y intambara asaga 1000. Nkuko nababwiye intambara ntiyatinze, mu myaka y icyo gihe nirwo rugamba rwari rukomeye rwari rubayeho ako kanya abanyakanani baratsinzwe bahungira mu mujyi wa Megiddo. Farawo yagose umujyi mu gihe cy amezi arindwi kugeza aho umwami w i Kadeshi yatorotse nuko umujyi wishyira mu maboko ya Farawo.

Abanyamisiri aha bafashe amagare y intambara agera muri 924,amafarashi asaga 20 000, amatoni y ingano na seyiri,  imiheto yarigezweho icyo gihe 500 banafata imyenda y intambara isaga 200, ibimasa bisaga 1920, intama 22 500,  ndetse banafata indi mijyi yari mu kibaya cy i Yezereli byose bijya munsi y ubutegetsi bwa Egiputa. Ku ruhande rw abasirikare babanyamisiri hishwe abagera mu bihumbi bine hakomereka igihumbi mu gihe ku ruhande rw abanyakanani hishwe abagera ibihumbi umunani magana atatu hafatwa bunyago abasaga ibihumbi bitatu magana ane.

Naha nsoreje amateka y urugamba rw Megiddo urugamba rwafashe intera mu mateka y isi kugeza aho ubukana bwarwo bwatumye rufata n izina rya Harimagedoni, urugamba ruzwi muri Bibiliya nk  urugamba rwa nyuma mu mateka y isi, urugamba ruzashyira akadomo ku kibi.

Ni akagaruka amahoro y Imana abane namwe!

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Amateka

INKOMOKO YA RUTEMIKIRERE

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Mu mateka y ikiremwamuntu nka kimwe mu binyabuzima bimaze igihe gito ariko cyabashije kwivumburira ikoranabuhanga ryihariye ryatumye aba icyo aricyo ubu, byamusunikiye kugushaka no kuvumbura ibikorwa by indashyikirwa byabayeho mu mateka ye. Uyu munsi turarebera hamwe amateka n urugendo rw indege yakozwe n umuntu uko rwatangiye Imyaka ibihumbi byinshi irashije (hafi imyaka amagana mbere ya Yezu).

Mu bwami bw abami bw abashinwa buherereye mu burasirazuba buhera (China) ubwami bumaze imyaka ibihumbi bitatu, ahanga mu myaka magana nibwo hadukaga ibisa n igitekerezo cyagejeje ikiremwamuntu ku kuguruka mu kirere nk inyoni. Ikigaragaza ko ari bimwe mu bitekerezo birambye mw isi nuko ubisanga mu bice bitandukanye by isi nko mu Bugereki, mu Buhindi, mu Bushinwa ndetse n ahandi mu Burayi ahagana mu myaka magana ishize. Nkuko bizwi nka Aviation mu cyongereza, bikomoka mu rurimi rw ikilatini bikomoka kuri AVIS (inyoni) ndetse na ICTION bisobanura igikorwa wayahuza bikarema ijambo rivuga ngo igikorwa cy inyoni.

Mu bitekerezo byaranze amateka y iguruka ry abantu ushobora kuba warumvise umubyeyi n umuhungu we bagurutse bakoresheje amababa bikoreye. Daedalus na Icarus abagereki babaye ibyamamare aho basimbutse baturuka ku munara muremure bagerageza kuguruka ariko Icarus aza gupfa ahanutse ubwo se yamubuzaga kuguruka cyane asatira izuba kugira ngo amababa ye adashonga nyamara agatwarwa n umunyenga kugeza aho amababa ye ashongeye. Ahagana muri 880s AD uwitwa Abbas Ibn Firnas yiyambitse ibibabi by inkongoro ku maboko yombi nk amababa nuko asimbuka mu mujyi wa Cordoba muri Esipanye, yabashije kuguruka ariko mu kumanuka ananirwa kubona uburyo kuko umurizo w inyoni ugira akamaro mu kugira ngo ibe yaguruka cyangwa ngo imanuke ihagarare. Firnas yaravunitse ariko yabaye umwe mu bantu batanze ishusho y indege ziguruka magingo aya.

igihangano gifata ishusho bitewe naho kigeze cyubakwa, niko n ibikorwa by indege byagenze ku kugeza kw ishusho tubona ubu. Ahagana muri mu binyejana bibanza bya nyuma ya Yezu, mu Bushinwa hari ibyitwa kites abana benshi babikinishaga aho babikoraga mu mashashi ubundi bakabizirikaho imigozi miremire ubundi ukakareka kakaguruka kure cyane gatwawe n umuyaga.

Ubundi buryo bwari ubwa hot balloons (mbuze inyito mu kinyarwanda) aho bikekwa ko ibi byatangijwe mu Bushinwa mu myaka 2500 ishize aho yakoreshwaga mu birori ndetse no mu gushyingura. Nabwo umuhanga Joseph Needham avuga ko zigeze gukoreshwa mu bikorwa bya gisirikare n umujenerari w umushinwa ahagana muri 180-234 AD witwa Zhuge Liang akanga abasirikare bari bahanganye.

Leonardo da Vinci nawe ntiyatanzwe aho ahagana muri 1505 yakoze ibyo nakwita nk ibishushanyo mbonera by indege cyane cyane iyakoreshejwe muri kajugujugu, ibi yabikoze amaze kwiga uko inyoni n uducurama uko tuguruka imyaka ijana irenga mbere y ubushakashatsi bw umuhanga mu by ubugenge Sir Isaac Newtons wabitangaje ahagana mu 1687.

Abandi bakurikiyeho ni Francesco Lana de Terzi ahagana muri 1670, Bartolomeu de Gusmao mu 1709, Abafaransa b abavandimwe bitwa Montgolfier mu 1783, abavandimwe baba Robert (Robert brothers) ahagana mu 1783 nabo bakaba bari abafaransa, ahagana muri 1863 muri civil war y abanyamerika yifashishijwe n uwitwa Ferdinand von Zepplin wabarizwaga mu mutwe witwaga Union Army Balloon Corps wari warayishyizweho na Thaddeus S. C. Lowe wari wahawe ububasha na Perezida wicyo gihugu.

Mu kinyejana cya cumi n icyenda Sir George Cayley ufatwa nk uwahanze indege kuko yize ubugenge bw ibiguruka anashushanya imashini yarigezweho muri icyo gihe  Sir George niwe wagize uruhare runini mu bya siyanse ku migurukire y indege no kugeza kubizaba biyigize. Abaje kumenyekana ni Wright brothers tariki 17 Ukuboza 1903 Orville Wright yagurutse metero 37 mu masegonda 12 naho umuvandimwe we Wilbur Wright aguruka metero 260 mu masegonda 59 igendera kuri metero 10 ivuye ku butaka, izi nizo ngendo za mbere z indege zabaye ku mugaragaro kuko hari abatangabuhamya b ubwoko butandukanye nk amato 3 y abashinzwe ubutabazi bwo mu mazi, umushoramari wo muri ako gace ndetse n umusore umwe wo muri ako gace ari uko zabaye ingendo za mbere zabaye ku karubanda.

Nyuma yaha hakurikiyeho ubundi buvumbuzi buhambaye ndetse haduka n inganda zikora indenge nka Boeing, Airbus, Pilatus, Embraer, Bombardier, Dassault Falcon n izindi n izindi. Mu 1914 ubwo intambara ya mbere y isi yabagaho, indege zifashishijwe bwa mbere n abongereza bazikoresha mu kuneka nyuma yaho bazishyiraho imbunda zitangira kurwana nazo. Mu gihe cy intambara ya kabiri y isi hubatswe izihambaye zirwana zikanasenya imijyi mu buryo bworoshye dushobora kuzagarukaho mu nkuru zacu z ahazaza ariko noneho intambara irangiye indege ntizari bujugunywe ahubwo barazihinduye bashyiramo aho abantu bicara zihinduka izitwara abantu uko.

Amasiganwa yo guhanga indege z igitangaza yarakomeje ku guhera imiyaka ibihumbi byinshi aho bagurukishaga amababa akozwe mu bibabi by inkongoro kukugeza aho batwara abantu benshi bagera muri magana atanu ndetse n izindi zikorera ibintu.

Ndabashimiye cyane inkuru zacu n akagaruka,

Mugire amahoro n imigisha biva ku Mana!

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Babakobwa Biyambitse Ubusa Bamaze Gutabwa Muri Yombi!

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nyuma y’uko bari bamaze iminsi bakora amavideo ndetse bakajya no kuri instargam zabo muburyo bwa Live maze bakajya bagaragaza amashusho yabo babyina bambaye imyenda mito ndetse rimwe narimwe bakagaragaza n’imyanya yabo y’ibanga ubu bamaze gutabwa muri yombi.

bamaze gutabwa muri yombi

Nkuko tubikesha urubuga rwa Kigali Today kuri Twitter n’uko aba bakobwa bombi batawe muri yombi na RIB!

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Amateka

Operations Magic Carpet na Yachin

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Mu mateka y’ intambara mw isi haberamo byinshi kandi buri ntambara ikagira impamvu yayo yaba yumvikana cyangwa itumvikana. Operations ni ibikorwa bya gisirikare bikorwa mu ibanga mu mirongo cyangwa inyuma y imirongo y’ umwanzi bizwi mu rurimi rw amahanga nka “Behind the enemy lines” kandi nk umusirikare mukuru wateguye iyo operation ashyiraho objectives/intego ubundi n igihe ntarengwa igomba kuba byagezweho (deadline).

 

Nkuko twabisabwe n’ abasomyi, uyu munsi turagaruka kuri operations ebyiri[2] arizo Magic Carpet na Yachin. Izi zose ni operations zamaze imyaka aho zitandukanira n izibera mu ntambara zikaba zarakozwe n abayahudi bagaruraga benewabo babaga muri Leta zimwe na zimwe yanga ko babahohotera bamenye ko bari kwisuganya mu gihugu bari bamaze gusubizwa nyuma Ya jenoside yakorewe abayahudi ikozwe na Adolph Hitler n abanazi be.

Reka duhere Kuri Operation Magic Carpet yakozwe na Isirayeli ikura abayahudi muri Yemeni ikaba izwi ku izina rya “Operation On Wings of Eagles” yabaye hagati ya Kamena 1949 kugeza Nzeli 1950. Izina ryayo ryakuwe mu mirongo Ya Bibiliya mu Kuva 19:4 no muri Yesaya 40:31 ikaba yarakijije abasaga 49 000 [47 000 abayahudi bo muri Yemeni, 1500 bo muri Aden, 500 bavuye Djibouti na Erithrea, n 2000 bavuye muri Arabiya Sawudite].hari hashize igihe (muri 1947) abaturage ba Aden bishe abayahudi 82 nyuma y icyiswe “The 1947 UN Partition Plan. ” ibi byatumye iyi operation ikorwa mu ibanga rihambaye ugereranyije niyo tuza kuganiraho. Iyi operation yakozwe hifashishijwe indege inyinshi ari iz’ abongereza n abanyamerika. Igendo z indege zakozwe zari 380 zihagurukira muri Aden mu ibanga rikomeye byabaye nko kunyereza itapi mu kirere mu bwenge bwa kimuntu ni ubukonikoni buhambaye. Mu kwibuka Iki gikorwa kindashyikirwa, Hari uduce tumwe twagiye twitirirwa iyi operation nko muri Yerusalemu, Herzaliya, Kerem Ha Teimanim na Tel Aviv aho twiswe “Kanfei Nesharim” mu cyongereza ni “Wings of Eagles” ugenekeranyije mu kinyarwanda bisobanura ngo “Amababa ya Kagoma.” ibi bikaba byarayigizwe imwe mu zihambaye kuko yakozwe nta wurabutswe Kandi vuba.


Mugihe Operation Yachin/Yakhin nayo yari igamije gucyura abayahudi basaga ibihumbi mirongo urwenda na birindwi        (97 000) babaga muri Maroc bagaca iy amazi n’ ikirere berekeza muri Isirayeli babanje guca ku nkombe Z’ ubufaransa n’ ubutariyani. Maroc nicyo gihugu mu bihugu by Abarabu cyari gicumbikiye abayahudi Kandi bari mu mudendezo n umutekano ntawubendereza. Iyi operation yakozwe n umutwe w abatasi b abayahudi bazwi nka MOSSAD hagati ya ugushyingo 1961 no mu mwaka hagati wa 1964. Aho iyi ope itandukaniye niya mbere nuko aha mu bwumvikane n Umwami wa Maroc Hassan II, igikomangoma Moulay Ali ba Maroc hamwe na David Ben-Gurion wari Mininstri w’intebe wa Isirayeli muri icyo gihe aho bumvikanye ko 500 000$ yagombaga guhita ashyirwa mu isanduku ya Leta Ya Maroc hanyuma ku bayahudi ibihumbi mirongo itanu ba mbere buri wese akishyurirwaho amadollars 100$ naho abasigaye bakaba amadollars 250$ kuri buri wese. Iyo operation yatewe inkunga n umuryango witwa Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society wabaga i New York muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika aho byayitwaye Akayabo ka miriyoni mirongo itanu [50 million US dollars]. Izina ryaturutse ku izina ry imwe mu nkingi y’urusengero rwari rwarubatswe n umwami Salomo. Ahagana mu 1948~1951 nibwo abayahudi basaga 28 000 bagiye muri Isirayeli.

 

Munyemerere mpinire aha, tuzagaruka kubindi kuko ni akagaruka.

Amahoro kuri mwe.

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Amateka

IMITINGITO 5 IKOMEYE YABAYEHO KW ISI

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Ese waba warumviseho umutingito? waba wibaza uti umutingito n iki? Uyu munsi turavuga imitingito itanu ikomeye yabayeho kw isi kuva abantu babasha kuyifatira ibipimo.

Umutingito n ukwinyeganyeza kw’ isi biturutse mu mbere yayo ahanini bitewe nuko habayeho ukugenda kw ibyitwa tectonic plates cyangwa ibitanda imigabane iryamyeho. Aho wave iturutse hitwa hypocenter (focus) mu gihe aho itungukiye ku murongo urambuye uhagaze (vertically) ku butaka hitwa epicenter. Mu mateka y isi uko umubumbe wacu tuwubona, uteye uk kubera hagiye habaho imitingito ihambaye ku byo ubu twaha izina rya mega-earthquakes zagiye zitera ugutana cyangwa ukwiihuza kw imigabane bigatanga inyanjya nka Antlantic na Pacific aho zitanye naho aho imigabane ihuye cyangwa isekuranye hakavuka uruhererekane rw’ imisozi nka Himalaya

Ukuyemo ibyiyumviro by umuntu kuko n umuntu ubwe agizwe n utunyangingo dushinzwe gupima, umutingito uturutse mu nda y isi ubukana bwawo bupimirwa ku mbaraga ufite ndetse n umwanya wamaze….. nubwo aba ari mu masegonda. Umuntu wa mbere wahibye imashini ipima umutingito yitwa Seismometer n umushinwa witwa Zhang Heng ahagana mu w i (132 AD) mbese mu kinyejana cya kabiri nyuma y ivuka rya Yezu, ariko iziheruka zo mu kinyejana cya 19 zahimbwe nabitwa ba Luigi Palmeiri muri 1855, Filippo Cecchi muri 1875, abandi ni Sir James Alfred Ewing, Thomas Gray, John Milne ahagana mu 1880.

Zhang Heng Seismometer

Richter magnitude y umutingito n igipimo abahanga n abasesenguzi cyangwa abashakashatsi mu by imitingito ndetse n ubumenyi bw’ isi bakoresha berekana ubukana warufite babikesha uko isi yicugusanga aho ibara n umwanya wamaze. Umutingito ushobora kugira epicenter yawo ku butaka cyangwa mu nyanja, iyo ubereye munsi y inyanja hakurikiraho umwuzure.

Ubundi abahanga nubwo bahita batangaza ingano y umutingito nyamara ahenshi byagaragaye ko ishobora guhinduka iva kuri magnitude imwe ikajya kuyindi byaba ari ukuzamuka cyangwa ukumanuka. Imitingito iterwa n ibintu byinshi kuva ku biri karemano nk iruka ry ibirunga, ugutandukana cyangwa ukugenda kw ibitanda by imigabane (tectonic movement), ku kugeza ku bikorwa bya muntu nko guturitsa intambi mu birombe ndetse banubaka inzira zinyura rwagati mu misozi, guturitsa ibisasu kirimbuzi mu igeragezwa ryabyo ndetse n ubundi bushakashatsi bunyuranye bukorwa n abantu.

Ibikurikira ni urupfu rw abantu bari mu gace ka cyangwa se kegereye epicenter bigaherekezwa n’ isenyuka rimwe na rimwe rihambaye umujyi cyangwa agace kose kakangirika ndetse ibikorwa remezo byinshi bikangirika, umwuzure wa metero nyinshi z umutumburuke ubaho iyo focus cyangwa se epicenter y umutingito iri mu nyanja, inkangu cyangwa se gucikamo k ubutaka hakaza kubaho umworera ndetse hamwe na hamwe hakabaho n inkongi. Bene ibyo byose ukuyemo ubuzima bw abantu baba bitabye Imana ibindi byose bivunjwa mu mafaranga. Ku mitingito yabayeho kuva umuntu yamenya gupima nta numwe uragera kuri magnitude ya 10.0 ariko iyi itanu tubabwira uyu munsi yose ihera kuri 9.0 kuzamura bya magnitude y umutingito

 

Turahera kuva ku muto muri yose twerekeza ku mutingito ukomeye wabayeho hamwe na hamwe tubabwira nibyo yagiye yangiza:

5. Kamchatka, Uburusiya, 4 Ugushyingo 1952

Uyu mutingito wa magnitude (9.0) wabereye mu Burusiya wateje umwuzure wa metero 9 z ubutumburuke ahitwa Kaena Point, Oahu ku birometero 5,177 uvuye Epicenter. Mu birwa bya Hawaii muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe z Amerika wateje igihombo cya miriyoni imwe y ama dollars y abanyamerika. Umutingito wa magnitude 9.0 umara hagati y iminota 15 na 20, uyu mutingito wishe abantu basaga hagati y ibihumbi icumi na cumi na bitanu (10 000- 15 000)

 

4. Sendai, Ubuyapani, 11 March 2011 

Kuwa gatanu, tariki 11 Werurwe 2011 i saa 14:46 ku masaha yo mu Buyapani umutingito wa magnitude (9.0) wamaze iminota 6, ukaba warangije ibikorwa bingana na miriyari 360 z amadollars y abanyamerika ukanica abantu basaga 15 000. wanatumye hafungwa inganda zikora ingufu za nuclear.

 

3. Sumatra, Indonesia, 26 December 2004

Uyu mutingito wo mu nyanja y abahinde wanateje umwuzure wabaye i saa 07:58:53 mu masaha yaho Indonesia kuwa 26 Ukuboza 2004, aho epicenter yayo yari mu burengerazuba bw amajyaruguru ya Sumatra mbese ibirometero 250 amajyepfo y uburasirazuba bwa Band Aceh aho muri Indonesia. Wari umutingito wo mu nyanja ufite focus yawo cyangwa aho waturutse mu birometero 30 mu nda y isi. Umutingito n umwuzure wawukurikiye byishe abantu babarirwa mu 227 900 ndetse n abandi baburirwa irengero ndetse wangiza n ibintu bingana na miriyari 15 z amadollars y abanyamerika. Sibyo kandi wakuye abantu basaga miriyoni 1.7 mu bihugu 14 byo muri Asiya yepfo ndetse na Afurika y uburasirazuba. Ku itariki ya 28 Ukuboza ikirunga cyegereye Baratang, mu birwa bya Andamar cyararutse nabwo bitewe nuyu mutingito.

 

2. Prince William Sound, Alaska, 28 Werurwe 1964

Ahagana i 5:36 PM mu masaha yo muri Alaska habayeho umutingito wa magnitude (9.2) wamaze iminota 3. Uyu mutingito wateje umwuzure wa metero 67 ahitwa Shoup Bay ho muri Alaska ndetse wahitanye ubuzima bw abantu 131 unangiza ibikorwa bihwanye n akayabo k amadollars y amerika  miriyoni 311 yo muri 1964 uyashyize muyo muri 2020 ni arenga miriyari 2.590 by amadollars y abanyamerika.

 

1. Valdivia, Chile, 22 Gicurasi 1960

Umutingito wa magnitude (9.5) nushaka uwite XII (Extreme) aho wahungabanyije cyane ni Chile na Pacific Rim (ahagaragaza imbibi z igitanda cy inyanja ya Pacific hakunda kurangwa n ibirunga bikiruka), uyu mutingito wishe abantu barenga 5 700 wangiza ibikorwa bibarirwa muri miriyoni 550 z amadollars y amerika. Ikindi nuko ababarirwa muri miriyoni 2 bakuwe mubyabo ndetse n umurambarara wa rupture zone warengaga ibirometero 1000. Nyuma y iminsi ibiri yonyine bibaye, ikirunga cyegereye aho cyitwa Puyehue cyararutse cyohereza imyotsi imikungugu y ibirunga (volcanic ash) mu kirere ku birometero 6 mu gihe cy ibyumweru.

 

Naha dusoreje uyu munsi n akagaruka nah ubutaha!!!

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