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URUGAMBA RWA DIEN BIEN PHU (IGICE CYA GATATU)

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Nkuko twari twabasobanuriye mu gice cyabanje imitwe y ingabo tugarukaho muri uru rugamba rwa Dien Bien Phu ubu rero turaje turebere uko uru rugamba rwagenze ndetse n amakosa yakozwemo kugira ngo itsinzi ihite ihindura uruhande byihuse mu kanya nkako guhumbya nibwo mu mugambi ukoranywe ubuhubutsi bwinshi w abafaransa wabapfubanaga ubundi bahinduka umuhigo w amenyo w abavietminh niko kubarimbura kakahava. Utarabashije gusoma ibice bibanza wakanda kuri iyi link https://yegob.rw/urugamba-rwa-dien-bien-phu-igice-cya-kabiri/ maze usome ibice byabanje kugira ngo ubashe gusobanukirwa n igice cya gatatu udatangirira hagati.

Mu mpera z intambara ya kabiri y isi (WW II) nibwo Jenerari Vo Nguyen Giap yacengezaga abasirikare be b abavietminh muri Vietnam yari yarigaruriwe n abayapani mu myaka yaza 1940s niko gushinga inyeshyamba zabohozaga Vietnam barwana intambara ya guerrilla warfare. Niko babohozaga amajyaruguru ya Vietnam ku bwinshi n abayapani batsindwa intambara ariko basubira inyuma nyuma yaho babohora Hanoi bayigira umurwa mukuru niko Ho Chi Minh yahitaga atangaza ko Independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam yigenze bamaze gutsinda abayapani babasubiza inyuma nyamara abafaransa bari barikunywe muri ako gace niko gushaka gusubirayo banga kwemera ubwigenge bwa Vietnam n agace ka Indochina bari barigaruriye mu myaka ya za 1880s. Ubwo rero abafaransa niko gushoza intambara kuri leta nshya yari yigenze nyuma bakahahurira n uruvagusenya bahakura ikimwaro batari barigeze mu mateka ya vuba nkuko batakazaga colonies zabo ku mugabane wa Amerika.

Tariki 23 Ugushyingo 1946 nibwo abafaransa mu mato yabo barashe ibisasu ku mujyi ufite n icyambu wa Haiphong niko kwica abasivire b abanya Vietnam 6 000 nuko umujinya n uburakari by abavietminh n abaturage babari inyuma biyemeza kwirukana umufaransa aho ariho hose mu gihugu cyabo. Barahirira ko bazaruhuka aruko nta mufaransa usigaye muri Vietnam cyangwa se bose bagapfa bagashira babigerageza. Uku niko intambara ya Indochine yatangiye intambara yatangiye gusa intambara byeruye yatangiye ku matariki ya 19 Ukuboza 1946 irangira ku itariki 1 Kanama 1954 (Imyaka 7, amezi 7, icyumweru 1 n iminsi 6) nubwo bitabuza ko mu 1945 mu majyepfo ya Vietnam abafaransa bakozanyagaho n abaVietminh gusa bitarakomera ngo bajye mu ntambara yeruye. Mu ncamake y intambara ya mbere yo muri Indochina nuku twabiboneramo mbere yuko dukomezanya n urugamba rwa Dien Bien Phu rubarizwamo aha ndetse rwanashize akadomo ku jambo Ubufaransa bwari bufite aha muri kano gace.

ABARI BAHANGANYE
 Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Vietnam

Việt Minh

Lao Issara (1945–1949)
Pathet Lao (1949–1954)
Khmer Issarak

·          United Issarak Front
(1950–1954)

Abakoranabushake b abayapani

 Ubufaransa

·          Indochina y abafaransa
(1945–1954)

·          Ubwami bwa Cambodia
(1946–1954)

·          Ubwami bwa Laos
(1947–1954)

·          Igihugu cya Vietnam
(1949–1954)

ABATEGETSI N ABAGABA B INGABO
 Hồ Chí Minh
Võ Nguyên Giáp
Phạm Văn Đồng
Trường Chinh
Lê Duẩn
Lê Đức Thọ
Souphanouvong
Kaysone Phomvihane
Son Ngoc Minh
Tou Samouth
 Philippe Leclerc
Jean-Étienne Valluy
Roger Blaizot
Marcel Carpentier
Jean de Tassigny
Raoul Salan
Henri Navarre
Bảo Đại
Ngô Đình Diệm
Norodom Sihanouk
Sisavang Vong
UMUBARE W INGABO
Việt Minh:
Abasirikare bahoraho: 125,000
Regional: 75,000
Abasirikare badahoraho: 250,000
Ababaye mu gisirikare cy Ubuyapani: ~5,000
Total: ~450,000
Ubufaransa:
Expeditionary Corps: 190,000
Local Auxiliary: 55,000
Abarwanyi bavuye mu gihugu cya  Vietnam (Vietnam y amajyepfo):
150,000

Total: ~395,000

ABASIGIWE UBUMUGA& N ABAHASIZE UBUZIMA
Việt Minh:
175,000–300,000 bapfuye cyangwa babuze (bikwekwa ndetse bivugwa n abanditsi bo mu burengerazuba)
191,605 bapfuye cyangwa babuze (imibare yatanzwe na leta ya kidemokarasiya ya Vietnam)
French Union:
75,581 bishwe (20,524 b abafaransa)
64,127 bakomeretse
40,000 bafashwe matekwa
Leta ya Vietnam (Vietnam y amajyepfo):
58,877 bapfuye cyangwa babuze
Total: ~134,500 bapfuye cyangwa babuze
400,000–842,707 Bishwe bose
125,000–400,000 Abasivire bishwe bose

 

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"Until the lions have their own historians, the history of the hunt will always glorify the hunter." ~African proverb A Universe and history lover

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