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URUGAMBA RW I MEGIDDO RUZWI NK ARMAGEDDON

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14. kuko ari yo myuka y’abadayimoni, ikora ibitangaza igasanga abami bo mu isi yose, ngo ibahururize kujya mu ntambara yo ku munsi ukomeye w’Imana Ishoborabyose. 15. (Dore nzaza nk’umujura. Hahirwa uba maso akarinda imyenda ye, kugira ngo atagenda yambaye ubusa bakareba isoni z’ubwambure bwe.) 16. Ibateraniriza ahantu mu Ruheburayo hitwa Harimagedoni. 17. Marayika wa karindwi asuka urwabya rwe mu kirere. Ijwi rirenga rivugira mu rusengero kuri ya ntebe riti “Birarangiye!” Ibyahishuwe 16: 14-17 muri Bibiliya Yera.

intambara ikomeye, kuyumva biragoranye nkuko muri Bibiliya igitabo cyasomwe n miriyari nyinshi z abatuye isi kibivuga ku munsi w umujinya w Imana hazabaho intambara izwi kw izina rya “Harimagedoni” ijambo rikomoka mu giheburayo “Har Megiddo,” bisobanura ngo umusozi wa Megiddo wumvise uko wakumva nta bitangaje birimo nyamara mu mateka y intambara iri zina risobanura ikintu gikomeye nkuko tugiye kubibona hashize imyaka 3500.

Harimagedoni bisobanura muyandi magambo imperuka, irimbuka, uyu musozi wa Megiddo uherereye ku butaka buri mu kigobe cy abarabu ahegereye inyanja ya Mediterane mu kibaya cy i Yezereli. Aha Megiddo habereyeyo intambara nyinshi kugeza naho ari naho hakekwa cyangwa se abenshi bizerera ko hazabera intambara yanyuma izashyira akadomo ku guhangana hagati y icyiza n ikibi. Intambara zahabereye ni:

  • Intambara hagati ya Farawo wa Misiri/ Egiputa Thutmose III (wategetse1458-1425 BCE) na abanyakanani bari bigumuye kuri Misiri bayobowe n umwami w i Kadeshi ahagana mu mwaka w i 1479 BCE mbese mbere y ivuka rya Yezu mu yandi magambo mbere ya zeru.
  • Urundi rugamba rwari muri 609 BCE hagati y abanyegiputa n abayuda
  • Urundi ni urwari rushyamiranyije ubwami bw abami bw Ubwongereza n ubwami bw abami bw aba Ottoman mu 1918 aha ni mu gihe cyacu hashize imyaka 102

Uyu munsi rero turavuga ku rugamba rwashyamiranyije Farawo Thutmose III n abanyakanani bari bamwigumuyeho. Abari bahanganye bari abanyamisiri bayobowe n umwami wabo Farawo Thutmose III babarirwa mu ngabo hagati y ibihumbi 10 n ibihumbi makumyabiri (10 000- 20 000) mu gihe mubo bari bahanganye yari coalition y abanyakanani bari baturutse muri Kadesh, Megiddo, ndetse n i Mitanni bayobowe n umwami w i Kadeshi ndetse n igikomangoma cy i Megiddo bagizwe n ingabo hagati y ibihumbi cumi na cumi na bitanu (10 000- 15 000) aha ni muri Siriya.

Umwami wa Egiputa Farawo Thutmose III yarwanye intambara zisaga 14 mu myaka mirongo itanu irenga yamaze ku ngoma, impamvu urugamba rwa Megiddo ruzwi kw izina rya Harimagedoni rugarukwaho cyane mu mateka y intambara mw isi nuko ari rwo rwa mbere rwabonyweho n abatangabuhamya ndetse n abanditsi batari abasirikare barurwanye. Impamvu y intambara yatewe n ukwigumura kw abanyakanani kandi iyi mijyi yari imijyi yari ifatiye runini ubwami bw abami bw abanyegiputa kuko yari hagati mu nzira y ubucuruzi yahuzaga abanyamisiri ndetse n ubwami bugari bwabo bwageraga muri Mezopotamiya. Aha umwami wa Misiri Farawo THutmose III ntiyari kubyihanganira ahitamo gutangiza intambara kuba nyakanani ahagurutsa ingabo ibihumbi 20 asanganira abanyaanani aho bari bakambitse i Megiddo.

Nkuko bigarukwaho n umwanditsi Tjaneni wabaye muri iyo ntambara, Umwami w i Kadeshi nawe yahurije hamwe abatware b i Siriya, Aram na Canaan bajya mu ruhande rwe ngo bahangane n umwanzi wabo umwami wa Misiri amutegerereza ku mazi y i Taanach. Yumvaga ko Farawo Thutmose III azaturuka mu nzira y i Dothaim – Taanach mu kibaya cy i Kishon, Bakiva ku mupaka wabo wahitwa i Tjaru (mu kigereki havuga Sile) bahise bigarurira Gaza, nyuma yaho yerekeza i Yehem ahavuye akomeza asanga abanyakanani i Megiddo. Hanyuma yohereza abatasi ngo batate inzira yagombaga kunyuzamo ingabo ze kugira ngo abashe kugera i Megiddo. basanze hari inzira 3 gusa, mu majyaruguru hari uruhererekane rw imisozi ya Karumeri, inyuma yaho hakaba ari naho hari umujyi wa Megiddo, undi nawo wo mu majyaruguru ukaba Zefti n i Tel Yokneam mu gihe uw amajyepfo wacaga Taanach ugeza mu kibaya cya  Jezreel, uwanyuma wari uw ako kanya ariko ufite ibyago byinshi wacaga Aruna (ubu ni Wadi Ara) ariko ukaba inzira ifunganye kuburyo abasirikare be bari gukora umurongo muremure bikaba byabashyira mu byago byo gushirira rimwe mu gihe bituweho n umwanzi. Farawo amaze kwingingwa n abagaba b ingabo ze kuba bafata imwe mu nzira zoroshye ho kwishyira mu byago baca mu nzira ifunganye yahisemo kubyanga ahitamo inzira bangaga agira ati niba munsaba guca mu nzira yoroshye nta kabuza n abanzi niko batekereje none rero reka mbahinyuze mbatungure.

Niko byagenze mu mayeri y urugamba Farawo yafashe igisirikare cye akinyuza ahafunganye muri Aruna, umwami w i Kadeshi yari yasuzuguye aha Aruna atekereza ko abanyamisiri batahanyura nyamara za nzira 2 zindi azirindisha ingabo bikomeye. Ahangaha intambara yaroroshye ndetse iranihuta Farawo amaze kugera mu kibaya yahise ashinga amahema muri uwo mugoroba nuko mw ijoro apanga igisirikare cye. Bukeye mu gitondo umwami w i Kadeshi yagabye igitero ariko nyamara ntiyari yiteguye ndetse yanatunguwe kuba abanyamisiri bamugezeho. Mu mirongo y urugamba abanyamisiri bari igisirikare gihambaye kuri buri ruhande bafite amagare y intambara asaga 1000. Nkuko nababwiye intambara ntiyatinze, mu myaka y icyo gihe nirwo rugamba rwari rukomeye rwari rubayeho ako kanya abanyakanani baratsinzwe bahungira mu mujyi wa Megiddo. Farawo yagose umujyi mu gihe cy amezi arindwi kugeza aho umwami w i Kadeshi yatorotse nuko umujyi wishyira mu maboko ya Farawo.

Abanyamisiri aha bafashe amagare y intambara agera muri 924,amafarashi asaga 20 000, amatoni y ingano na seyiri,  imiheto yarigezweho icyo gihe 500 banafata imyenda y intambara isaga 200, ibimasa bisaga 1920, intama 22 500,  ndetse banafata indi mijyi yari mu kibaya cy i Yezereli byose bijya munsi y ubutegetsi bwa Egiputa. Ku ruhande rw abasirikare babanyamisiri hishwe abagera mu bihumbi bine hakomereka igihumbi mu gihe ku ruhande rw abanyakanani hishwe abagera ibihumbi umunani magana atatu hafatwa bunyago abasaga ibihumbi bitatu magana ane.

Naha nsoreje amateka y urugamba rw Megiddo urugamba rwafashe intera mu mateka y isi kugeza aho ubukana bwarwo bwatumye rufata n izina rya Harimagedoni, urugamba ruzwi muri Bibiliya nk  urugamba rwa nyuma mu mateka y isi, urugamba ruzashyira akadomo ku kibi.

Ni akagaruka amahoro y Imana abane namwe!

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