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UBWAMI BW’ ABAMI BWA ROMA: URUGAMBA RWA TEUTOBURG (IGICE CYA MBERE)

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Mu mateka ya muntu kuva ku bihe bye bya kera intambara yabaye kimwe mu byamuranze, imyaka ibihumbi byinshi irashize kuva aho barwanishaga ibibando ku mpande ebyiri zitumvika uwa mbere uvuye amaraso ako kanya intambara igahagarara ubwo uruhande rwe rukaba rutsinzwe kugeza kukuba warimburira miriyoni nyinshi y abantu ku iraswa ry’ igisasu kimwe cyambukiranya imigabane kizwi nka “Inter Continental Ballistic Missiles” . Kuri uyu munsi reka dutere imboni ku rugamba rwa Teutoburg, urugamba rwari rushyize akadomo ku buhangange bw’ Ubwami bw’ Abami bwa Roma.

Ubundi mu mvugo twakoresha ngo “Ikiburi, ukwihagararaho no gusuzugura abandi ba Jenerari , biha nyirabyo ubuhangange n ikuzo iyo intsinzi imubaye ku ruhande by’ igihe kirekire gusa ngo hari nubwo bimuzanira kurimbuka we n ingabo ayobora.”. Urugamba rwa Teutoburg narwo ntirujya kure yaha aho General Publius Quinctilius Varus yahanganaga na Arminius wahimbwe Hermann wo mu bwoko bw abadage.

Urugamba rwa Teutoburg ruzwi nka “Clades Variana” mu kilatini cyangwa “Varian Disaster” mu cyongereza rwabaye ahagana mu 9 AD ni ukuvuga muri Nzeri mu mwaka wa 9 nyuma y’ ivuka rya Yezu mu majyepfo y’ Ubudage bw’ ubu ahitwa OSNABRÜCK mu burasirazuba bw uruzi rwa Rhine. Habayeho urugamba hagati y ingabo z’ abaromani n amoko y’ abadage, urugamba rworetse ibihumbi byinshi by’ abaromani abandi bakagirwa imbohe n abacakara imyaka irenga 30 ku kutumva kwa General Varus.
Arminius yari umwana w’ umutware mu bwoko bw’ abadage se yari yaratsinzwe n’ abaromani mu ntambara yemera kubayoboka ndetse atangaho Arminius ho ingwate nkuko byakorwaga ahantu hose Roma yigaruriraga kugira ngo abami baho n abatware babayoboke. Se yaje kwicwa nyuma yaho kuko abandi batware b’ abadage bamushinjije ubugwari bakamucira urwo gupfa nkuko amategeko yabo yategekaga. Ibi Arminius warimo atozwa ubumenyi busanzwe n amayeri y’ intambara by’ abaromani yabitse umujinya yiyemeza kuzabiryoza abaromani agahorera se. Mu Budage hari legions 8 maze ubundi bahasiga 3 gusa kuko General Tiberius yaragiye guhosha imvuru mu bihugu bya “Balkans”. Legion yarigizwe n’ ingabo 5000 kandi icyo gihe harwanaga ingabo kuri buri ruhande nk 50 000 cyangwa 100 000, ubwo wayigereranya na Coprs mu gisirikare cyubu kirwanisha za miriyoni nyinshi z’ abasirikare kuko iba igizwe n abasirikare bari hagati y’ ibihumbi makumyabiri na mirongo ine na bitanu [20 000-45 000] turebeye mu ngabo z’ Abanyamerika zarwanye muri Vietnam, iyo Coprs ikayoborwa na Lieutenant General.

General Varus yarafite legions eshatu (XVII, XVIII na XIX) basaga ibihumbi cumi na bitanu (15 000) ukongeraho n abasirikare bavaga mu bindi bihugu babaga ari abacancuro bahembwaga guhabwa ubwenegihugu bwa Roma, bose hamwe basagaga ibihumbi makumyabiri na bitanu (25000). Mu bihe by’ ubutita hari aho ingabo zajyaga kwikinga imbeho kandi byasabaga ko banyura mu Ishyamba ryiswe Teutoburg. General Piblius Quinctilius Varus yarazwiho kuba yari umurwanyi kabuhariwe wahosheje imvuru nyinshi ariko akaba yaranazwiho kugira ubugome bwinshi cyane nko muri Yerusalemu yabambye abantu basaga 2000 mpande z’ inzira ngo babere abandi isomo ryo kutazongera gutinyuka gukora mu jisho ry’ ubwami bw’ abami bwa Roma. Arminius yari yaragizwe umujyanama mu bya gisirikare wa General Varus, yari yarahurije amoko yose y’ abadage yari yiteguye gutanga ikiguzi icyaricyo cyose ngo yihorere ku ba romani, ayo moko yari Cherusci, Marsi, Chatti, Bructeri,Chanci na Sicambri ahuza amoko atarumvikanaga ayahuriza hamwe. Mu mayeri y’ intambara yabonye ko igihe cyiza cyo guha isomo rya gisirikare abaromani kwari ubwo Tiberius yahanganaga n’ abo muri Balkans aho yari guhangana na legions eshatu gusa. Mwibuke yari umujyanama wa Varus ariko akanahuriza hamwe abanzi ba Roma ari nawe mukuru wabo.
Abandi basirikare bakuru bari barihanagirije banaburira general Quinctilius ko Arminius ari inyuma y’ ibikorwa byo kwigumura kw’ amoko y abadage kandi ko ari umugambanyi nyamara ntabumve akiyumvira ibyo Arminius yamubwiraga ko iby’ icyo gisirikare cy abadage ari udutsiko twinshi tw amoko atumvikana kandi ko babarimburira rimwe nta gutinda…

Nakagaruka mu zindi nkuru naho mu gice cya kabiri. Ufite igitekerezo cyangwa wifuza ngutanga igitekerezo kubyo tuzavugaho ubutaha…. bishyire muri comment!

AMAHORO Y IMANA ABANE NAMWE!!!!

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