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Operations Magic Carpet na Yachin

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Mu mateka y’ intambara mw isi haberamo byinshi kandi buri ntambara ikagira impamvu yayo yaba yumvikana cyangwa itumvikana. Operations ni ibikorwa bya gisirikare bikorwa mu ibanga mu mirongo cyangwa inyuma y imirongo y’ umwanzi bizwi mu rurimi rw amahanga nka “Behind the enemy lines” kandi nk umusirikare mukuru wateguye iyo operation ashyiraho objectives/intego ubundi n igihe ntarengwa igomba kuba byagezweho (deadline).

 

Nkuko twabisabwe n’ abasomyi, uyu munsi turagaruka kuri operations ebyiri[2] arizo Magic Carpet na Yachin. Izi zose ni operations zamaze imyaka aho zitandukanira n izibera mu ntambara zikaba zarakozwe n abayahudi bagaruraga benewabo babaga muri Leta zimwe na zimwe yanga ko babahohotera bamenye ko bari kwisuganya mu gihugu bari bamaze gusubizwa nyuma Ya jenoside yakorewe abayahudi ikozwe na Adolph Hitler n abanazi be.

Reka duhere Kuri Operation Magic Carpet yakozwe na Isirayeli ikura abayahudi muri Yemeni ikaba izwi ku izina rya “Operation On Wings of Eagles” yabaye hagati ya Kamena 1949 kugeza Nzeli 1950. Izina ryayo ryakuwe mu mirongo Ya Bibiliya mu Kuva 19:4 no muri Yesaya 40:31 ikaba yarakijije abasaga 49 000 [47 000 abayahudi bo muri Yemeni, 1500 bo muri Aden, 500 bavuye Djibouti na Erithrea, n 2000 bavuye muri Arabiya Sawudite].hari hashize igihe (muri 1947) abaturage ba Aden bishe abayahudi 82 nyuma y icyiswe “The 1947 UN Partition Plan. ” ibi byatumye iyi operation ikorwa mu ibanga rihambaye ugereranyije niyo tuza kuganiraho. Iyi operation yakozwe hifashishijwe indege inyinshi ari iz’ abongereza n abanyamerika. Igendo z indege zakozwe zari 380 zihagurukira muri Aden mu ibanga rikomeye byabaye nko kunyereza itapi mu kirere mu bwenge bwa kimuntu ni ubukonikoni buhambaye. Mu kwibuka Iki gikorwa kindashyikirwa, Hari uduce tumwe twagiye twitirirwa iyi operation nko muri Yerusalemu, Herzaliya, Kerem Ha Teimanim na Tel Aviv aho twiswe “Kanfei Nesharim” mu cyongereza ni “Wings of Eagles” ugenekeranyije mu kinyarwanda bisobanura ngo “Amababa ya Kagoma.” ibi bikaba byarayigizwe imwe mu zihambaye kuko yakozwe nta wurabutswe Kandi vuba.


Mugihe Operation Yachin/Yakhin nayo yari igamije gucyura abayahudi basaga ibihumbi mirongo urwenda na birindwi        (97 000) babaga muri Maroc bagaca iy amazi n’ ikirere berekeza muri Isirayeli babanje guca ku nkombe Z’ ubufaransa n’ ubutariyani. Maroc nicyo gihugu mu bihugu by Abarabu cyari gicumbikiye abayahudi Kandi bari mu mudendezo n umutekano ntawubendereza. Iyi operation yakozwe n umutwe w abatasi b abayahudi bazwi nka MOSSAD hagati ya ugushyingo 1961 no mu mwaka hagati wa 1964. Aho iyi ope itandukaniye niya mbere nuko aha mu bwumvikane n Umwami wa Maroc Hassan II, igikomangoma Moulay Ali ba Maroc hamwe na David Ben-Gurion wari Mininstri w’intebe wa Isirayeli muri icyo gihe aho bumvikanye ko 500 000$ yagombaga guhita ashyirwa mu isanduku ya Leta Ya Maroc hanyuma ku bayahudi ibihumbi mirongo itanu ba mbere buri wese akishyurirwaho amadollars 100$ naho abasigaye bakaba amadollars 250$ kuri buri wese. Iyo operation yatewe inkunga n umuryango witwa Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society wabaga i New York muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika aho byayitwaye Akayabo ka miriyoni mirongo itanu [50 million US dollars]. Izina ryaturutse ku izina ry imwe mu nkingi y’urusengero rwari rwarubatswe n umwami Salomo. Ahagana mu 1948~1951 nibwo abayahudi basaga 28 000 bagiye muri Isirayeli.

 

Munyemerere mpinire aha, tuzagaruka kubindi kuko ni akagaruka.

Amahoro kuri mwe.

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"Until the lions have their own historians, the history of the hunt will always glorify the hunter." ~African proverb A Universe and history lover

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