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Intambara ya kabiri y’ isi :OPERATION BARBAROSSA

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Birashoboka ko ikiremwamuntu tudashobora kubaho nta ntambara, muri twe dushobora kuba twumva ko hatari intambara nta mahoro dufite. Nyamara nta cyiza cy’ intambara iyo itaguhitanye nk uyitegura cyangwa uyirwana ihitana imiryango, inshuti n’ abaturanyi. Byari ibihe umuntu atabashaga kwiyumvisha, yari iminsi n’ amajoro maremare ubwo tutatekerezaga ko buzongera gucya kuko amatoni y’ amabombe yatwituragaho ubutitsa, imigi ihindurwa amatongo mu maso yacu, “au plus grand conflit de tout le temps”.

Intambara ya kabiri y’ isi ni intambara yatangijwe n Ubudage bwa Adolph Hitler wateraga Pologne/Poland mu Burayi ku itariki ya 1/09/1939 nuko Ubwongereza hamwe n Ubufaransa bemeza ko binjiye mu ntambara kuya 3/09/1939 nuko intambara irota uko. Gusa yahitanye abasaga miriyoni 50 na 80 bangana na 3% by abari batuye isi muri icyo gihe[1940], uyu munsi ntitujya muri ayo mateka cyane gusa turagaruka ku gitero cyakozwe kuri iyi tariki imyaka 79 irashize.
Imyaka 79 irashize habayeho igitero cya mbere mu mateka y’ isi kuva y abaho cyahuzaga abantu benshi. Operation Barbarossa ku mazina yayo y’ ukuri ari Operation Fritz yahanganishaga abadage n abasoviyete ku murambararo wa 2900km, intambara yamaze amezi 5 icyumweru 1 n iminsi 6 kuvuga ko cyarangiye ku itariki 5/12/1941. Ku itariki ya 22/06/1941 saa 1:00 nibwo abadage binjiye mu mipaka y abasoviyeti mishya bari bamaze kwemeza ubwo basinyaga amasezerano yiswe “Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact” yuko abadage nibaramuka bateye Pologne n abasoviyeti bagombaga guhita bayigabana bikaba byarakozwe ku itariki ya 17/09/1939 ubwo abasoviyeti bateraga Pologne y’ uburasirazuba. Iki gitero cyari gifite ibice bitatu ugutera amajyarugu y’ uburasirazuba, hagati ndetse n amajyepfo y’ uburasirazuba bw’ Uburayi bagana ku mipaka y’ abasoviyeti. Byabaye nkuko Chief of Staff General Boris Shaposhnikov w’ abarusi yari yarabitekereje akanabibwira Stalin.

Nubwo abadage n abasoviyeti bari barashyize umukono ku masezerano yo kudaterana bose barashishanyaga ariko ntibibabuze kugirana ubufatanye yaba mu bucuruzi ndetse no mu gisirikare, Joseph Stalin wari umukuru w’ abasoviyeti yaburiwe n ubutasi bw’ ibihugu byari mu ntambara nk’ ubwongereza ndetse n abe ko hari igitero cyategurwaga n abadage ku barusi nyamara Stalin ntiyabumva. Hari ubwo abatasi b’ abadage baje ku mipaka n abarusi baje kubaburira nyamara babishe bataragira nicyo bavuga ibi byaje kwishyuza abarusi ku kiguzi gihambaye. Stalin na Hitler bahanaga intwaro ndetse n ibindi bikoresho [raw materials].
Kuva mu ntangiriro z’ ubutegetsi bwa Adolph yari yaravuze ko bazatera abasoviyeti kuko bari abantu bibigoryi bari munsi y abandi mbese ngo bari hafi 1/2 cyo kuba abantu ko bazahatera bakabamaraho ubundi bakahatuza ubwoko bw’ ukuri busumba ayandi aribwo ab [ariens] kandi ibi Stalin yari abizi nubwo atabishyizemo ubushake ngo nawe yitegure.
Luftwaffe ishami ryo mu kirere, Wehrmacht igisirikare Hitler yari yiremeye ku Budage bwe cyari kigizwe indege, amato n imbunda z’ akataraboneka aariko ibi ninbyo yifashishije muri iki gitero cyabaye indahiro n’ isibaniro mu mateka y’ intambara ya kabiri y’ isi:
Abayobozi bakuru b’ ingabo z’ abadage ku isonga haza:
Hitler
Walther Von Brauchitsch
Franz Halder
Fedor von Bock
Gerd von Rundstedt
Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb
Intwaro:
Ingabo= miriyoni 3.8
Ibifaru= 3 350-3 795
Indege z’ intambara= 2 770-5 369
Artillery= 7 200-23 435
Mortars= 17 081

Ku ruhande rw’ abasoviyeti[ Armee Rouge cyangwa Ingabo zitukura]
Abayobozi bakuru b’ ingabo ku isonga hari:


Joseph Stalin “uwo w’iburyo bwawe”
Georgy Zhukov
Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy
Semyon Budyonny
Kliment Voroshilov
Semyon Timoshenko
Markian Popov
Fyodor Kuznetsov
Dimitry Pavlov
Ivan Tyulenev
Mikhail Kirponos
Intwaro:
Ingabo= miriyoni 2.6-2.9
Ibifaru= 11 000
Indege z’ intambara= 7 133- 9 100
Reserved force= miriyoni 14

Hitler ati iyo menya ko abarusi bafite ibimodoka by intambara bingana uku simba narabateye. Ibi yabivuze nyuma yuko habayeho intambara ikomeye itarigeze ibaho na magingo aya yari intambara y’ ibifaru ahagana mu mwaka wa 1943 yamenyekanye ku izina rya “The battle of Kursk”.
Intambara yarakomeje ariko ntakitagira iherezo, nyuma y ibihe birebire mu ntambara bose bararambiwe, abantu babonye irangira ipaje y’ irabura yarihinduwe ariko habuze byinshi. Hapfuye abasirikare basaga miriyoni 5.9 [1 000 000+b abadage na 4 973 820 b abarusi]. Abadage bafashe miriyoni eshanu[5 000 000] z’ abarusi matekwa maze birengagije amategeko agena intambara y’ I Jeneve mu Busuwisi azwi nka “Hague Conventions na 1929 Geneva Convention.” Bakabica ndetse bicisha inzara ku bushake miriyoni 3.3 kugira ngo bashire maze bazahatuze abadage. Impamvu ya kabiri yateye Hitler gutera abarusi ni peterori bari bafite mu gace kazwi nka Baku muri Caucase, uburumbuke bwa Ukraine kugira ngo azabone uko ahaza igihugu cy’ Ubudage mu gihe yarwanaga n’ Abongereza ariko yari yiyibagije ko abarusi bafite intwaro yabo yihariye yarimbuye umwanzi wabo Napoleon mu myaka 200 yari ishize, iyo ntwaro ntayindi ni Ubutita. Ibi Hitler yarabyirengagije akeka ko abarusi bazamenya ibibabayeho bamaze gucika intege ariko ntiyarazi ko ijambo Staline yavugiye muri “Red Square” ashimagiza Lenin yazamuye umurava n ubwitange bw’ abasoviyeti kugeza aho banze gutanga Leningrad ku kiguzi gihambaye aha hakaba ari hamwe habaye isibaniro mu ntambara yose y’ isi.

KU RUGENDO NK’ URWINSHINGE Z’ ISAHA HEJURU IBUMOSO: INGABO Z’ ABADAGE ZINJIRA MU MAJYARUGURU Y’ UBURUSIYA, ABADAGE BA RUTWITSI [FLAMETHROWER], INDEGE Z’ ABASOVIYETI, INFUNGWA Z’ INTAMBARA Z’ ABASOVIYETI ZIJYANWA MU BIGO BYO KWICIRWAMO, ABASOVIYETI BARASA KU BIRINDIRO BY’ ABADAGE.

NAVUGA BYINSHI ARIKO NDAGUSHIMIYE WOWE WEMEYE GUSOMA IBI, NAKAGARUKA NI AHUBUTAHA ✋!!

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