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Amateka

AMATEKA Y’ ISANZURE AGERERANYIJWE N UMWAKA UMWE

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Iyo bavuze Isanzure niki wumva? Ese utekereza ko twaba turi twenyine mw isanzure? Reka tuvuge nkuko umwana avuka agakura agasaza agapfa niko no mw isanzure bimera. Inyenyeri ziravuka hakabaho igihe zimara nubwo utakigereranya n abantu kuko zo zibaho imyaka amamiriyaridi nyinshi zigaragiwe n imibumbe itagira ingano. Bitekerezwako mu isanzure hari miriyaridi n amamiriyaridi y inyenyeri. Reka tubibare uku, isi yacu n indi mibumbe ngenzi yayo igaragira izuba nyamara izuba ntiriri ryonyine amatsinda y izuba yibumbiye hamwe yitwa Galaxy, galaxy yacu izwi kw izina rya Milky Way ifite miriyari magana atatu izo nazo nizo bagereranya. Mw isanzure hari amamiriyaridi ni ukuvuga ngo hari galaxies zirenga 1X10^12 kandi ibi nibyo bita Unfolded Universe cgwa isanzure ibyuma by abantu bibasha kureba.hakaba hari n indi tutabasha kureba igizwe nibyitwa Dark matter ari nabyo byiganje.

Uyu munsi reka tuvuge uko ibi byose byavutse cyangwa byatangiye. Abahanga bemeza ko isanzure rimazze imyaka isaga miriyari 13.8 abandi bakavuga miriyari 14.6 . Uyu munsi turavuga kuri Big Bang Theory yazanywe bwa mbere n umupadiri w umubirigi witwa Georges Lemaitre mu mwaka wa 1920 aho yavugaga ko Isanzure ryakomotse kw iturika ridasanzwe rya aka primordial atom ugenekereje mu kinyarwanda bivuga atom yabayeho kera. Kugira ngo twumve amateka y ikiremwa muntu muri iri sanzure nuko yajeho afite amasegonda make mu igereranywa turamutse dufashe ko kuva habaho iryo turika twabigira nka karendari y umwaka igizwe n amezi 12 mu masegonda bikaba amasegonda 1 Umwaka = 365.2425 iminsi = (365.2425 iminsi) × (24 amasaha/munsi) × (3600 amasegonda/isaha) = amasegonda 31 556 952.

 

Nkuko tubisoma mu gitabo cyitwa “Ways of the World a brief Global History” edition yacyo ya kabiri yanditswe na Robert W. Strayer, abahanga bagerageza kumvisha abantu uko ibihe byahanye ibindi kugira ngo tubeho kuva ku iturika rihambaye ryabayeho imyaka miriyaridi 14.6 ishize, nuku babishyize ngo babinganishe n umwaka ugizwe n amezi cumi n abiri n iminsi bagana atatu na mirongo itandatu n itanu. Duhereye muri Mutarama tariki ya mbere kugeza mu Kuboza.

Reka tubirebere muri ubu buryo:

Aho amateka yikiswe Industrial revolution imaze imyaka hafi magana atatu ibayeyo, aha hashize ibinyacumi by’ amasegonda atandatu ibayeho ndetse n ubwigenge bw igihugu cy igihugu cy igihangange cya Amerika nacyo ni mu minota ya nyuma y umwaka.

Nubwo abantu ari twe biremwa byigaruriye ndetse biantegeka ibindi byose mw isi, biratangaje ukuntu ari natwe twabayeho igihe gito ugereranyije n ibindi biremwa byatubanjirije atari uko tubirusha amaboko cyangwa ikindi uretse kumenya guhererekanya amakuru mu buryo bwihuse kuva ku basekuruza bacu kugera kubadukomokaho. Kuguhera ku nyubako z ibyatsi no gutura mu masenga kukugeza aho twubaka imitamenwa n imiturirwa.

 

Mwakoze kubana natwe hari icyo wifuza ko twazaganiraho wabyandika muri comments!

AMAHORO YA NYAGASANI ABANE NAMWE!!!!

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"Until the lions have their own historians, the history of the hunt will always glorify the hunter." ~African proverb A Universe and history lover

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